Mike Gerwitz

Activist for User Freedom

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@online{panopti:about,
  author =       {Electric Frontier Foundation},
  title =        {Panopticlick | About},
  url =          {https://panopticlick.eff.org/about},
  urldate =      {2017-03-08},
}

@online{tor:tails,
  title =        {Tails - Privacy for anyone anywhere},
  organization = {Tor Project},
  url =          {https://tails.boum.org/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-18},
}

@online{whonix,
  title =        {Whonix},
  organization = {Whonix},
  url =          {https://www.whonix.org/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-18},
}

@online{whonix:donot,
  author =       {Whonix},
  title =        {DoNot},
  url =          {https://www.whonix.org/wiki/DoNot},
  urldate =      {2017-03-05}
}

@online{tor,
  author =       {Tor Project},
  title =        {Tor Project: Anonymity Online},
  url =          {http://torproject.org/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-09},
}


@online{eff:nsa:timeline,
  author =       {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  title =        {Timeline of NSA Domestic Spying},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/nsa-spying/timeline},
  urldate =      {2017-03-09},
}

@online{mtg:uproar,
  author =       {Mike Gerwitz},
  title =        {National Uproar: A Comprehensive Overview of the
                   NSA Leaks and Revelations},
  url =          {https://mikegerwitz.com/2013/06/National-Uproar-A-Comprehensive-Overview-of-the-NSA-Leaks-and-Revelations},
  month =        06,
  year =         2013,
  urldate =      {2017-03-09},
}

@online{eff:bernstein:doj,
  author =       {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  title =        {Bernstein v. US Department of Justice},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/cases/bernstein-v-us-dept-justice},
  urldate =      {2017-03-09},
}

% TODO: figure out how to render the URL
@techreport{poodle:paper,
  author =       {Möller, Brodo and Duong, Thai and Kotowicz, Krzysztof},
  title =        {This POODLE Bites: Exploiting the SSL 3.0 Fallback},
  institution =  {Google},
  year =         2014,
  month =        Sep,
  url =          {https://www.openssl.org/~bodo/ssl-poodle.pdf},
}

@online{w:crypto-wars,
  organization = {Wikipedia},
  title =        {Crypto Wars},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crypto_wars},
  urldate =      {2017-03-10},
}


@online{fedr:export-controls,
  author =       {Executive Office of the President},
  title =        {Administration of Export Controls on Encryption Products},
  url =          {https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-1996-11-19/pdf/96-29692.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-10},
  month =        11,
  year =         1996,
  note =         {Federal Register, Vol. 61, No. 224, Executive Order 58767},
}



@online{doc:rev-export-reg,
  author =       {United States Department of Commerce},
  title =        {Revised U.S. Encryption Export Regulations},
  url =          {https://epic.org/crypto/export_controls/regs_1_00.html},
  month =        01,
  year =         2000,
  urldate =      {2017-03-10},
}


@online{arxiv:mac,
  author =       {Martin, Jeremy
                  and Mayberry, Travis
                  and Donahue, Collin
                  and Foppe, Lucas,
                  and Brown, Lamont
                  and Riggins, Chadwick
                  and Rye, Erik C.
                  and Brown, Dane},
  title =        {A Study of MAC Address Randomization in Mobile Devices and When it Fails},
  year =         2017,
  month =        03,
  archivePrefix= {arXiv},
  eprint =       {1703.02874},
  primaryClass = {cs.CR},
}

@online{aimsid,
  author =       {CellularPrivacy},
  title =        {Android IMSI-Catcher Detector},
  url =          {https://cellularprivacy.github.io/Android-IMSI-Catcher-Detector/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
}

@online{osmand,
  title =        {OsmAnd - Offline Mobile Maps and Navigation},
  url =          {http://osmand.net/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
}

@online{mozilla:loc-services,
  author =       {MozillaWiki},
  title =        {CloudServices/Location - MozillaWiki},
  url =          {https://wiki.mozilla.org/CloudServices/Location},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
}

@online{openmobilenetwork,
  title =        {OpenMobileNetwork},
  url =          {http://www.openmobilenetwork.org/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
}

@online{w:wps,
  organization = {Wikipedia},
  title =        {Wi-Fi positioning system},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wi-Fi_positioning_system},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
}

@online{w:trilateration,
  organization = {Wikipedia},
  title =        {Trilateration},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trilateration},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
}

@article{acm:spotfi,
  author =       {Kotaru, Manikanta
                  and Joshi, Kiran
                  and Bharadia, Dinesh
                  and Katti, Sachin},
  title =        {{SpotFi}: Decimeter Level Localization Using {WiFi}},
  journal =      {{ACM} {SIGCOMM} Computer Communication Review - {SIGCOMM'15}},
  doi =          {10.1145/2785956.2787487},
  volume =       45,
  pages =        {269-282},
  year =         2015,
}

@article{acm:lteye,
  author =       {Kumar, Swarun
                  and Hamed, Ezzeldin
                  and Katabi, Dina
                  and Li, Li Erran},
  title =        {{LTE} radio analytics made easy and accessible},
  journal =      {{S3 '14} Proceedings of the 6th annual workshop on Wireless of
                  the students, by the students, for the students},
  doi =          {10.1145/2645884.2645891},
  pages =        {29-30},
  year =         2014,
}

@online{replicant,
  author =       {Replicant},
  title =        {Replicant},
  url =          {http://www.replicant.us},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
  annotation =   {A fully free Android distribution}
}

@online{replicant:sec,
  author =       {Replicant},
  title =        {Freedom and privacy/security issues},
  url =          {http://www.replicant.us/freedom-privacy-security-issues.php},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
}

@online{replicant:samsung-bd,
  author =       {Replicant},
  title =        {Samsung Galaxy back-door},
  url =          {http://redmine.replicant.us/projects/replicant/wiki/SamsungGalaxyBackdoor},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
  annotation =   {Backdoor in Samsung Galaxy phones closed by Replicant},
}

@online{gnu:malware-mobile,
  author =       {GNU Project},
  title =        {Malware in Mobile Devices},
  url =          {https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/malware-mobiles.html},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
  annotation =   {Numerous resources on privacy/security issues with mobile
                  devices}
}

@online{jots:mobile,
  author =       {Jinyan Zang
                  and Krysta Dummit
                  and James Graves
                  and Paul Lisker
                  and Latanya Sweeney},
  title =        {Who Knows What About Me? A Survey of Behind the Scenes Personal
                  Data Sharing to Third Parties by Mobile Apps},
  url =          {http://jots.pub/a/2015103001/index.php},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
}

@online{kryptowire:adups,
  author =       {Kryptowire},
  title =        {KRYPTOWIRE DISCOVERS MOBILE PHONE FIRMWARE THAT TRANSMITTED
                  PERSONALLY IDENTIFIABLE INFORMATION (PII) WITHOUT USER
                  CONSENT OR DISCLOSURE},
  url =          {http://www.kryptowire.com/adups_security_analysis.html},
  urldate =      {2017-03-11},
  annotation =   {BLU mobile phones transmitting SMS content, contacts, call
                  history, telephone numbers, IMEIs, etc to third-party
                  servers without users' knolwedge or censent}
}

@online{intercept:nyc-surveil,
  author =       {Currier, Cora},
  title =        {A Walking Tour of New York's Massive Surveillance Network},
  organization = {The Intercept},
  date =         {2016-09-24},
  url =          {https://theintercept.com/2016/09/24/a-walking-tour-of-new-yorks-massive-surveillance-network/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
}

@online{shodan,
  title = {Shodan},
  subtitle = {The search engine for the Internet of Things},
  url = {https://shodan.io},
  urldate = {2017-03-12},
}

@online{krebs:mongodb,
  author = {Krebs, Brian},
  title = {Extortionists Wipe Thousands of Databases,
           Victims Who Pay Up Get Stiffed},
  url = {https://krebsonsecurity.com/2017/01/extortionists-wipe-thousands-of-databases-victims-who-pay-up-get-stiffed/},
  urldate = {2017-03-12},
}

@online{insecam,
  title = {Insecam - World biggest online cameras directory},
  url = {http://insecam.org},
  urldate = {2017-03-19},
  annotation = {Load the HTTP (non-HTTPS) site, otherwise mixed content is
                blocked and thumbnails will not work.}
}

@article{ieee:gait,
  author =       {Rogez, Gr\'egory
                  and Rihan, Jonathan
                  and Guerrero, Jose J.},
  title =        {Monocular {3D} Gait Tracking in Surveillance Scenes},
  journal =      {IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics},
  url =          {http://vision.ics.uci.edu/papers/RogezRGO_Cybernetics_2013/RogezRGO_Cybernetics_2013.pdf}
}

@article{ijca:gait,
  author =       {Vaidya, Sonali
                  and Shah, Kamal},
  title =        {Real Time Video Surveillance System},
  journal =      {International Journal of Computer Applications},
  volume =       86,
  pages =        {22-27},
  year =         2014,
  url =          {http://research.ijcaonline.org/volume86/number14/pxc3893419.pdf},
  annotation =   {Discusses realtime gait analysis for video surveillance},
}


@online{newsci:fb-noface,
  author =       {Rutkin, Aviva},
  title =        {Facebook can recognize you in photos even if you're not looking},
  organization = {New Scientist},
  url =          {https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn27761-facebook-can-recognise-you-in-photos-even-if-youre-not-looking/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
}

@online{rms:facebook,
  author =       {Stallman, Richard},
  title =        {Reasons not to use (i.e., be used by) {Facebook}},
  url =          {https://stallman.org/facebook.html},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
}

@online{register:fb-scan,
  author =       {Chirgwin, Richard},
  title =        {Facebook conjures up a trap for the unwary: scanning your camera
                  for your friends},
  subtitle =     {Auto-spam your friends with Photo Magic},
  organization = {The Register},
  url =          {https://web.archive.org/web/20160605165148/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/11/10/facebook_scans_camera_for_your_friends/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
  annotation =   {Archive.org link used because The~Register blocks
                  Tor~users unless they execute proprietary JavaScript.},
}

@online{guardian:fb-scan,
  author =       {Arthur, Charles},
  title =        {Facebook in new privacy row over facial recognition feature},
  subtitle =     {Social network turns on new feature to automatically identify
                  people in photos, raising questions about privacy
                  implications of the service},
  organization = {The Guardian},
  date =         {2011-06-08},
  url =          {https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2011/jun/08/facebook-privacy-facial-recognition},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
}

@online{techcrunch:fb-baby,
  author =       {Constine, Josh},
  title =        {Facebook’s New Photo “Scrapbook” Lets Parents Give Kids An
                  Official Presence},
  organization = {TechCrunch},
  date =         {2016-03-31},
  url =          {https://techcrunch.com/2015/03/31/step-1-identify-baby-photo-step-2-hide-baby-photos/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
  annotation = {Facebook tricks users into violating their child's privacy
                  before they have any say in the matter.},
}

@online{eff:ios-photo-diff,
  author =       {Gebhart, Gennie
                  and Grant, Starchy
                  and Portnov, Erica},
  title =        {Facial Recognition, Differential Privacy, and Trade-Offs in
                  Apple's Latest OS Releases},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  date =         {2016-09-27},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/09/facial-recognition-differential-privacy-and-trade-offs-apples-latest-os-releases},

  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
}

@online{churchix,
  title =        {Churchix Facial Recognition Software},
  subtitle =     {Churchix Facial Recognition Software for Event Attendance},
  url =          {http://churchix.com/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
  annotation =   {This software is cited for illustration; do~not use it.}
}

@online{facefirst,
  title =        {Face Recognition Software for Retail Stores: \#1~Biometric
                  Surveillance for Loss Prevention},
  url =          {https://www.facefirst.com/industry/retail-face-recognition/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
  annotation =   {Full-page loading spinner does not remove itself without
                  running non-free JavaScript; remove it manually using a
                  web browser with a~debugger.  This software is cited for
                  illustration; do~not use it.},
}

@online{bio:iris,
  title =        {Hacker extracts Merkel's iris image},
  organization = {Planet Biometrics},
  date =         {2015-11-30},
  url =          {http://www.planetbiometrics.com/article-details/i/3644/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
}

@online{eff:facial-tech,
  author =       {Schwartz, Adam},
  title =        {The Danger of Corporate Facial Recognition Tech},
  subtitle =     {The Illinois Biometric Privacy Statute Survived a Recent
                  Attack. But the Struggle Continues},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  date =         {2016-06-07},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/06/danger-corporate-facial-recognition-techgg},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
}

@online{eff:fbi-bio,
  author =       {Lynch, Jennifer},
  title =        {New Report: FBI Can Access Hundreds of Millions of Face
                  Recognition Photos},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  date =         {2016-06-15},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2016/06/fbi-can-search-400-million-face-recognition-photos},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
}

@online{cbs:sf-smile,
  author =       {Borba, Andria},
  title =        {Nowhere To Hide: Few Public Places Without Surveillance Cameras
                  In San Francisco},
  organization = {CBS},
  date =         {2015-09-24},
  url =          {http://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2015/09/24/san-francisco-surveillance-camera-tenderloin/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-12},
}

@online{pbs:nova:boston,
  author =       {O'Brien, Michael
                  and Cort, Julia},
  title =        {Manhunt---{Boston Bombers}},
  subtitle =     {Which technologies worked—and which didn't---in the race to
                  track down the men behind the marathon attack?},
  organization = {WGBH Educational Foundation},
  date =         {2013-05-29},
  url =          {http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/tech/manhunt-boston-bombers.html},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
  annotation =   {Specificall, pay attention to the Domain Awareness System
                  and other surveillance capabilities.  Transcript
                  available.},
}

@online{reuters:nypd-das,
  author =       {Francescani, Chris},
  title =        {NYPD expands surveillance net to fight crime as well as terrorism},
  organization = {Reuters},
  date =         {2013-06-21},
  url =          {http://www.reuters.com/article/usa-ny-surveillance-idUSL2N0EV0D220130621},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
}

@online{wired:pixel-face,
  author =       {Newman, Lily Hay},
  title =        {AI Can Recognize Your Face Even If You’re Pixelated},
  organization = {Wired},
  date =         {2016-09-12},
  url =          {https://www.wired.com/2016/09/machine-learning-can-identify-pixelated-faces-researchers-show/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
}

@online{arxiv:google-pixel-res,
  author =       {Dahl, Ryan
                  and Norouzi, Mohammad
                  and Shlens, Jonathan},
  title =        {Pixel Recursive Super Resolution},
  organization = {Google Brain},
  date =         {2017-02-02},
  archivePrefix= {arXiv},
  eprint =       {1702.00783},
  primaryClass = {cs.CV},
}

@online{fast:das,
  author =       {Ungerleider, Neal},
  title =        {NYPD, Microsoft Launch All-Seeing “Domain Awareness System” With
                  Real-Time CCTV, License Plate Monitoring},
  subtitle =     {The New York Police Department has a new terrorism detection
                  system that will also generate profit for the city},
  organization = {Fast Company},
  date =         {2012-08-08},
  url =          {https://www.fastcompany.com/3000272/nypd-microsoft-launch-all-seeing-domain-awareness-system-real-time-cctv-license-plate-monito},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
}

@online{nyc:pspg,
  title =        {Public Security Privacy Guidelines},
  url =          {http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/downloads/pdf/crime_prevention/public_security_privacy_guidelines.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
  annotation =   {Information about the NYPD's Domain Awareness System.},
}


@book{rosen:naked,
  author =       {Rosen, Jeffrey},
  title =        {The Naked Crowd: Reclaiming Security and Freedom In An Anxious
                  Age},
  publisher =    {Random House},
  isbn =         {978-0375508004},
  date =         2004,
  indextitle =   {Naked Crowd: Reclaiming Security and Freedom In An Anxious
                  Age, The},
}

@article{solove:nothing-to-hide,
  author =       {Solove, Daniel J.},
  title =        {``I've got nothing to hide'' and Other Misunderstandings
                   of Privacy},
  journaltitle = {San Diego Law Review},
  volume =       44,
  pages =        {745--772},
  date =         {2007},
  url =          {https://ssrn.com/abstract=998565},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
  annotation =   {GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 289},
}

@online{metro:goebbels,
  author =       {Nagesh, Ashitha},
  title =        {A Tory MP might have quoted Goebbels in defence of the
                  government’s surveillance bill},
  organization = {Metro.co.uk},
  url =          {http://metro.co.uk/2015/11/05/a-tory-mp-might-have-quoted-goebbels-in-defence-of-the-governments-surveillance-bill-5481457/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
  annotation =   {It's never good to be accused of quoting the Nazi propaganda
                  minister},
}

@online{eff:alpr,
  title =        {Automated License Plate Readers},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/sls/tech/automated-license-plate-readers},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
}

@online{aclu:tracked,
  title =        {You Are Being Tracked},
  subtitle =     {How License Plate Readers Are Being Used To Record Americans'
                  Movements},
  url =          {https://www.aclu.org/sites/default/files/field_document/071613-aclu-alprreport-opt-v05.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
}

@online{eff:golden-gate-toll,
  title =        {The Golden Gate Bridge Is Watching You},
  author =       {Schoen, Seth},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  date =         {2013-03-28},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2013/03/golden-gate-bridge-watching-you},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
}

@online{goldengate:anon,
  title =        {I Want To Remain Anonymous},
  organization = {Golden Gate Bridge, Highway and Transportation District},
  url =          {http://goldengate.org/tolls/iwanttoremainanonymous.php},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
}

@online{baynews:fastack-data,
  author =       {Simerman, John},
  title =        {Lawyers dig into FasTrak data},
  organization = {Bay Area News Group},
  date =         {2007-06-05},
  url =          {http://www.eastbaytimes.com/2007/06/05/lawyers-dig-into-fastrak-data/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
  annotation =   {FasTrack data are used in civil disputes like divorce cases.},
}

@online{blackhat:toll-systems,
  author =       {Lawson, Nate},
  title =        {Highway To Hell: Hacking Toll Systems},
  date =         {2008-08-06},
  location =     {BlackHat USA},
  url =          {http://www.root.org/talks/BH2008_HackingTollSystems.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
}

@online{w:ezpass,
  organization = {Wikipedia},
  title =        {E-ZPass},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-ZPass},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
}

@online{register:rfid-clone,
  author =       {Goodin, Dan},
  title =        {Passport RFIDs cloned wholesale by \$250 eBay auction spree\$},
  subtitle =     {Video shows you how},
  organization = {The Register},
  url =          {https://web.archive.org/web/20170127114339/http://www.theregister.co.uk/2009/02/02/low_cost_rfid_cloner/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
  annotation =   {Archive.org link used because The~Register blocks
                  Tor~users unless they execute proprietary JavaScript.},
}

@online{w:us-v-jones,
  organization = {Wikipedia},
  title =        {United States v. Jones},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._Antoine_Jones},
  urldate =      {2017-03-13},
  annotation =   {United States Supreme Court ruling that GPS~tracking
                  constitutes a~search under the Fourth~Amendment.}
}

@online{darius:alpr-telnet,
  author =       {Freamon, Darius},
  title =        {{PIPS} Technology {AUTOPLATE} Automatic License Plate Recognition
                  {(ALPR)} Multiple Vulnerabilities},
  url =          {https://dariusfreamon.wordpress.com/2014/02/19/pips-technology-autoplate-automatic-license-plate-recognition-alpr-multiple-vulnerabilities/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-14},
  annotation =   {Telnet right into certain ALPRs.}
}

@online{ftc:silver,
  author =       {Mithal, Maneesha},
  title =        {Sample Silverpush Letter},
  organization = {United States Federal Trade Commission,
                  Bureau of Consumer Protection,
                  Divison of Privacy and Identity Protection},
  url =          {https://www.ftc.gov/system/files/attachments/press-releases/ftc-issues-warning-letters-app-developers-using-silverpush-code/160317samplesilverpushltr.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-14},
  annotate =     {Sample letter template for Android developers using software
                  created by the company Silvepush.}
}

@online{wired:ultrasonic,
  author =       {Newman, Lily Hay},
  title =        {How to Block the Ultrasonic Signals You Didn’t Know Were Tracking
                  You},
  organization = {Wired},
  date =         {2016-11-03},
  url =          {https://www.wired.com/2016/11/block-ultrasonic-signals-didnt-know-tracking/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-14},
}

@online{ubeacsec:paper,
  author =       {Mavroudis, V.
                  and Hao, S.
                  and Fratantonio, Y.
                  and Maggi, F.
                  and Kruegel, C.
                  and Vigna, G.},
  title =        {The Ultrasound Tracking Ecosystem},
  indextitle =   {Ultrasound Tracking Ecosystem, The},
  url =          {http://ubeacsec.org/downloads/report.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-14},
  annotation =   {Claims to be ``the first comprehensive security analysis''
                  of this type of tracking.},
}

@online{bleep:ultrasound-tor,
  author =       {Cimpanu, Catalin},
  title =        {Ultrasound Tracking Could Be Used To Deanonymize Tor Users},
  organization = {Bleeping Computer},
  date =         {2017-01-03},
  url =          {https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/ultrasound-tracking-could-be-used-to-deanonymize-tor-users/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-14},
}

@online{33c3:talk-behind,
  author =       {Mavroudis, Vasillios
                  and Maggi, Federico},
  title =        {Talking Behind Your Back},
  subtitle =     {On the Privacy \& Security of the Ultrasound Tracking
                  Ecosystem},
  location =     {33^{rd} Chaos Communication Congress},
  date =         {2016-12-29},
  url =          {https://media.ccc.de/v/33c3-8336-talking_behind_your_back},
  urldate =      {2017-03-14},
}

@online{ftc:xdt,
  title =        {Cross-Device Tracking},
  organization = {Federal Trade Commission},
  location =     {Constitution Center, 400 7^{th}~St~SW, Washington~DC 20024},
  date =         {2015-11-16},
  url =          {https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/2015/11/cross-device-tracking},
  urldate =      {2017-03-15},
}

@online{google:ga:features,
  title =        {Marketing Data Analysis \& Reporting Features},
  organization = {Google},
  url =          {https://www.google.com/analytics/analytics/features/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-15},
}

@online{w3techs:analytics,
  title =        {Usage Stastics and Market Share of Traffic Analysis Tools for
                  Websites},
  organization = {W3Techs},
  url =          {https://w3techs.com/technologies/overview/traffic_analysis/all},
  urldate =      {2017-03-15},
}

@online{w3techs:google,
  author =       {Gelbmann, Matthias},
  title =        {Google can't track every click of your web surfing.  Only most of
                  them.},
  organization = {W3Techs},
  date =         {2012-02-27},
  url =          {https://w3techs.com/blog/entry/google_cant_track_every_single_click_of_your_web_surfing_only_most_of_them},
  urldate =      {2017-03-15},
}

@online{piwik,
  title =        {Free Web Analytics Software},
  organization = {Piwik},
  url =          {https://piwik.org/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-15},
}

@online{piwik:privacy,
  title =        {Web Analytics Privacy in Piwik},
  organization = {Piwik},
  url =          {https://piwik.org/privacy/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-15},
}

@online{mtg:gitlab-piwik,
  author =       {Gerwitz, Mike},
  title =        {Google Analytics Removed From GitLab.com Instance},
  date =         {2016-01-24},
  url =          {https://mikegerwitz.com/2016/01/Google-Analytics-Removed-from-GitLab.com-Instance},
  urldate =      {2017-03-16},
}

@online{w:fb-like-img,
  author =       {Vt, Enoc},
  title =        {File:Botón Me gusta.svg},
  date =         {2011-10-09},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bot\%C3\%B3n_Me_gusta.svg},
  urldate =      {2017-03-16},
}

@article{pnas:predict,
  author =       {Kosinski, Michal
                  and Stillwell, David
                  and Graepel, Thore},
  title =        {Private traits and attributes are predictable from digital
                  records of human behavior},
  journal =      {PNAS},
  volume =       {110},
  pages =        {5802-5805},
  doi =          {10.1073/pnas.1218772110},
  date =         {2013-02-12},
  url =          {http://www.pnas.org/content/110/15/5802.full.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-16},
}

@online{bloomberg:belgum-fb,
  author =       {Bodoni, Stephanie
                  and Martens, John},
  title =        {Belgium Tells Facebook to Stop Storing Personal Data From
                  Non-Users},
  organization = {Bloomberg},
  date =         {2015-11-09},
  url =          {https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-11-09/facebook-told-to-stop-storing-personal-data-from-belgian-surfers},
  urldate =      {2017-03-16},
  annotation =   {Surely Facebook isn't doing such a thing.  Wait: ``Facebook
                  says it will appeal Belgian ruling to higher court''.  Imagine that.}
}

@online{w:behavioral-targeting,
  title =        {Behavorial Tracking},
  organization = {Wikipedia},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behavioral_targeting},
  urldate =      {2017-03-16},
}

@article{roosendaal:fb-like,
  author =       {Roosendaal, Arnold},
  title =        {Facebook Tracks and Traces Everyone: Like This!},
  journaltitle = {Tilburg Law School Legal Studies Research Paper Series},
  date =         {2010},
  doi =          {10.2139/ssrn.1717563},
  url =          {https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1717563},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{uld:fb,
  title =        {ULD to website owners: ``Deactivate Facebook web analytics''},
  organization = {Unabh{\:a}ngiges Landeszentrum f{\:u}r Datenschutz
                  Schleswig-Holstein},
  date =         {2011-08-19},
  url =          {https://www.datenschutzzentrum.de/presse/20110819-facebook-en.htm},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{eff:browser-uniqueness-blog,
  authors =      {Eckersley, Peter},
  title =        {Is Every Browser Unique? Results Fom The Panopticlick Experiment},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  date =         {2010-05-17},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2010/05/every-browser-unique-results-fom-panopticlick},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{eff:browser-uniqueness,
  authors =      {Eckersley, Peter},
  title =        {How Unique Is Your Web Browser?},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  date =         {2010-05-17},
  url =          {https://panopticlick.eff.org/static/browser-uniqueness.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{eff:panopti2,
  author =       {Budington, Bill},
  title =        {Panopticlick 2.0 Launches, Featuring New Tracker Protection and
                  Fingerprinting Tests},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  date =         {2015-12-17},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2015/12/panopticlick-20-launches-featuring-new-tracker-protection-and-fingerprinting-tests},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{mozilla:fingerprinting,
  title =        {Fingerprinting -  {MozillaWiki}},
  organization = {Mozilla},
  url =          {https://wiki.mozilla.org/Fingerprinting},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{chromium:identification,
  author =       {Janc, Artur
                  and Zalewski, Michal},
  title =        {Technical analysis of client identification mechanisms},
  organization = {Google},
  url =          {https://sites.google.com/a/chromium.org/dev/Home/chromium-security/client-identification-mechanisms},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{tor:browser-design,
  author =       {Perry, Mike
                  and Clark, Erin
                  and Murdoch, Steven
                  and Koppen, Georg},
  title =        {The Design and Implementation of the {Tor Browser}},
  organization = {Tor Project},
  date =         {2017-03-10},
  url =          {https://www.torproject.org/projects/torbrowser/design/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{stanford:private-browsing,
  author =       {Aggarwal, Gaurav,
                  and Bursztein, Elie
                  and Jackson, Collin
                  and Boneh, Dan},
  title =        {An Analysis of Private Browsing Modes in Modern Browsers},
  organization = {Stanford University},
  url =          {https://crypto.stanford.edu/~dabo/pubs/papers/privatebrowsing.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{norte:tor-fingerprint,
  author =       {Norte, Jose Carlos},
  title =        {Advanced Tor Browser Fingerprinting},
  date =         {2016-03-06},
  url =          {http://jcarlosnorte.com/security/2016/03/06/advanced-tor-browser-fingerprinting.html},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{browserleaks,
  title =        {{BrowserLeaks.com} - Web Browser Security Checklist for Identity
                  Theft Protection},
  url =          {https://browserleaks.com/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@article{hardware-fingerprint,
  author =       {Cao, Yinshi
                  and Li, Song
                  and Wijmans, Erik},
  title =        {(Cross-)Browser Fingerprinting via OS and Hardware Level Features},
  date =         {2017},
  doi =          {10.14722/ndss.2017.23152},
  url =          {http://yinzhicao.org/TrackingFree/crossbrowsertracking_NDSS17.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@article{ijcseit:biometric,
  author =       {Mudholkar, Smita S.
                  and Shende, Pradnya M.
                  and Sarode, Milind V.},
  title =        {Biometrics Authentication Technique for Intrustion Detection
                  Systems Using Fingerprint Recognition},
  journal =      {International Journal of Computer Science, Engineering and
                  Information Technology},
  volume =       2,
  number =       4,
  doi =          {10.5121/ijcseit.2012.2106},
  date =         {2012-02},
  url =          {http://airccse.org/journal/ijcseit/papers/2112ijcseit06.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-19},
}

@online{ars:fingerprint,
  author =       {Goodwin, Dan},
  title =        {Now sites can fingerprint you online even when you use multiple
                  browsers},
  subtitle =     {Online tracking gets more accurate and harder to evade},
  organization = {Ars Technica},
  url =          {https://arstechnica.co.uk/security/2017/02/now-sites-can-fingerprint-you-online-even-when-you-use-multiple-browsers/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{mtg:rof,
  author =       {Gerwitz, Mike},
  title =        {Restore Online Freedom!},
  date =         {2016-03-20},
  url =          {https://media.libreplanet.org/u/libreplanet/collection/restore-online-freedom/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
  annotate = {My LibrePlanet 2017 talk about issues with an increasing
                  non-free Web, as well as privacy and security implications
                  of running untrusted, unsigned, ephemeral JavaScript
                  code.}
}

@online{noscript,
  title =        {NoScript - {JavaScript}/{Java}/{Flash} blocker for a safer
                  Firefox experience!},
  url =          {https://noscript.net/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{eff:privacy-badger,
  title =        {Privacy Badger},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/privacybadger},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{gh:ublock-origin,
  title =        {uBlock Origin},
  subtitle =     {An efficient blocker for {Chromium} and {Firefox}.  Fast and
                  lean.},
  url =          {https://github.com/gorhill/uBlock},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{moz:sd-cookies,
  title =        {Self-Destructing Cookies},
  url =          {https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/android/addon/self-destructing-cookies/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{lp:2016:privacy-badger,
  author =       {Quintin, Cooper},
  title =        {Ending Online Tracking! Privacy Badger and Beyond!},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  url =          {https://media.libreplanet.org/u/libreplanet/m/ending-online-tracking-privacy-badger-and-beyond/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{moz:lightbeam,
  title =        {Lightbeam for Firefox},
  subtitle =     {Shine a Light on Who's Watching You},
  organization = {Mozilla},
  url =          {https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/lightbeam/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{tor:browser,
  title =        {Tor Browser},
  organization = {Tor Project},
  url =          {https://www.torproject.org/projects/torbrowser.html.en},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{tor:overview,
  title =        {Tor Project: Overview},
  organization = {Tor Project},
  url =          {https://www.torproject.org/about/overview.html.en},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{ghostery:companies,
  title =        {Company Database},
  organization = {Ghostery Enterprise},
  url =          {http://www.ghosteryenterprise.com/company-database/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-17},
}

@online{networks-of-control,
  author =       {Christl, Wolfie,
                  and Spiekermann, Sarah},
  title =        {Networks of Control},
  date =         {2016},
  url =          {http://crackedlabs.org/en/networksofcontrol},
  urldate =      {2017-03-18},
}

@online{33c3:surveil,
  author =       {Christl, Wolfie},
  title =        {Corporare surveillance, digital tracking, big data~\&~privacy},
  subtitle =     {How thousands of companies are profiling, categorizing, rating
                  and affecting the lives of billions},
  location =     {33^{rd} Chaos Communication Congress},
  date =         {2016-12-30},
  url =          {https://media.ccc.de/v/33c3-8414-corporate_surveillance_digital_tracking_big_data_privacy},
  urldate =      {2017-03-18},
  annotation =   {See also \cite{networks-of-control}}
}

@online{oracle:datalogix-acq,
  title =        {Oracle Buys Datalogix},
  subtitle =     {Creates the World's Most Valuable Data Cloud to Maximize the
                  Power of Digital Marketing},
  organization = {Oracle},
  url =          {http://www.oracle.com/us/corporate/acquisitions/datalogix/general-presentation-2395307.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-18},
}

@online{lexisnexis:trueid,
  title =        {LexisNexis TrueID},
  organization = {LexisNexis},
  url =          {http://www.lexisnexis.com/risk/downloads/literature/trueid.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-18},
}

@online{techcrunch:palantir,
  author =       {Burns, Matt},
  title =        {Leaked Palantir Doc Reveals Uses, Specific Functions And Key Clients},
  organization = {TechCrunch},
  date =         {2015-01-11},
  url =          {https://techcrunch.com/2015/01/11/leaked-palantir-doc-reveals-uses-specific-functions-and-key-clients/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-19},
}

@online{nyt:learn-secrets,
  author =       {Duhigg, Charles},
  title =        {How Companies Learn Your Secrets},
  organization = {The New York Times},
  date =         {2016-02-16},
  url =          {http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/19/magazine/shopping-habits.html},
  urldate =      {2017-03-19},
}

@online{trustev:tech,
  title =        {TransUnion | Trustev -- Technology},
  organization = {TransUnion},
  url =          {http://www.trustev.com/technology},
  urldate =      {2017-03-19},
}

@online{w:file:cell-tower,
  author =       {Appel, Thomas},
  title =        {File:T-mobile cell site},
  organization = {Wikipedia},
  date =         {2015-09-23},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T-Mobile_cell_site.jpg},
  urldate =      {2017-03-19},
}

@online{w:file:stingray,
  title =        {File:Stingray Harris handle side.jpg},
  date =         {2013-04},
  organization = {Harris Corporation},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stingray_Harris_handle_side.jpg},
  urldate =      {2017-03-19},
}

@online{w:file:gps,
  title =        {File:GPS Satellite NASA art-iif.jpg},
  date =         {2006-02-09},
  organization = {NASA},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:GPS_Satellite_NASA_art-iif.jpg},
  urldate =      {2017-03-19},
}

@online{wsj:app-loc,
  title =        {What They Know - Mobile - WSJ},
  organization = {The Wall Street Journal},
  url =          {http://blogs.wsj.com/wtk-mobile/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-19},
  annotation =   {Popular apps that transmit location information in~2010},
}

@online{archive:fisa-verizon,
  author =       {Vinson, Roger},
  title =        {Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court Ruling- Verizon},
  organization = {United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court},
  date =         {2013-04-25},
  url =          {https://archive.org/details/FBI-Verizon-FISA-2013},
  urldate =      {2017-03-20},
  annotation =   {The first Snowden leak showing that the United States is
                  performing dragnet surveillance on its citizens},
}

@online{dni:business-provs,
  author =       {Clapper, James R.},
  title =        {DNI Statement on Recent Unauthorized Disclosures of Classified
                  Information},
  organization = {Office of the Director of National Intelligence},
  date =         {2013-06-06},
  url =          {https://www.dni.gov/index.php/newsroom/press-releases/191-press-releases-2013/868-dni-statement-on-recent-unauthorized-disclosures-of-classified-information},
  urldate =      {2017-03-20},
  annotation =   {Partial declassification of the ``business records'' provision of FISA.},
}

@online{guardian:verizon,
  author =       {Greenwald, Glenn},
  title =        {NSA collecting phone records of millions of Verizon customers daily},
  subtitle =     {Exclusive: Top secret court order requiring Verizon to hand
                  over all call data shows scale of domestic surveillance
                  under Obama},
  date =         {2013-06-06},
  url =          {https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/06/nsa-phone-records-verizon-court-order},
  urldate =      {2017-03-20},
  annotation =   {The original article exposing the first Snowden document.},
}

@online{eff:jewel:evidence,
  title =        {Summary of Voluminous Evidence, Jewel v. NSA, Case
                  No. 08-CV-4373-JSW},
  date =         {2012-12-14},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/files/filenode/jewel_conformed_summary_of_evidence.pdf},
  urldate =      {2017-03-20},
}

@online{eff:metadata,
  author =       {Opsahl, Kurt},
  title =        {Why Metadata Matters},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  date =         {2013-06-07},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2013/06/why-metadata-matters},
  urldate =      {2017-03-20},
}

@online{eff:nsa-spying,
  title =        {NSA Spying},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/nsa-spying},
  urldate =      {2017-03-20},
}

@online{eff:samsung-tv-policy,
  author =       {Higgins, Parker},
  title =        {Big Brother Is Listening: Users Need the Ability To Teach Smart
                  TVs New Lessons},
  organization = {Electronic Frontier Foundation},
  date =         {2015-02-11},
  url =          {https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2015/02/big-brother-listening-users-need-ability-teach-smart-tvs-new-lessons},
  urldate =      {2017-03-20},
}

@online{vault7:y0,
  title =        {Vault 7: CIA Hacking Tools Revealed},
  organization = {Wikileaks},
  url =          {https://wikileaks.org/ciav7p1/index.html},
  urldate =      {2017-03-21},
}

@online{vault7:weeping,
  title =        {Weeping Angel (Extending) Engineering Notes,
                  SECRET~// REL~USA,UK},
  organization = {Central Intelligence Agency},
  url =          {https://wikileaks.org/ciav7p1/cms/page_12353643.html},
  urldate =      {2017-03-20},
  annotation =   {Covert surveillance through Samsung Smart TVs.},
}

@online{bleep:lgtv-ransom,
  author =       {Cimpanu, Catalin},
  title =        {Android Ransomware Infects LG Smart TV},
  organization = {Bleeping Computer},
  url =          {https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/android-ransomware-infects-lg-smart-tv/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-20},
  annotation =   {Android ransomware on an LG Smart TV.}
}

@online{engadget:murder-echo,
  author =       {Steele, Billy},
  title =        {Policy seek Amazon Echo data in murder case},
  organization = {Engadget},
  date =         {2016-12-27},
  url =          {https://www.engadget.com/2016/12/27/amazon-echo-audio-data-murder-case/},
  urldate =      {2017-03-21},
}

@online{guardian:murder-echo,
  title =        {Amazon refuses to let police access US murder suspect's Echo
                  recordings},
  subtitle =     {Company has declined to provide audio recordings by smart
                  speaker system at house where man died, according to a
                  report},
  organization = {The Guardian},
  date =         {2016-12-28},
  url =          {https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/dec/28/amazon-refuses-to-let-police-access-suspects-echo-recordings},
  urldate =      {2017-03-21},
}

@online{gizmodo:echo-wiretap,
  author =       {Novak, Matt},
  title =        {The FBI Can Neither Confirm Nor Deny Wiretapping Your Amazon
                  Echo},
  organization = {Gizmodo},
  date =         {2016-05-11},
  url =          {https://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/the-fbi-can-neither-confirm-nor-deny-wiretapping-your-a-1776092971},
  urldate =      {2017-03-21},
}

@online{w:file:echo,
  author =       {Morrison, Frank},
  title =        {File:Amazon Echo.jpg},
  organization = {Wikipedia},
  date =         {2014-10-17},
  url =          {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Amazon_Echo.jpg},
  urldate =      {2017-03-21},
}

@online{guardian:doll-spy,
  author =       {Oltermann, Philip},
  title =        {German parents told to destroy doll that can spy on children},
  subtitle =     {German watchdog classifies My Friend Cayla doll as
                  `illegal espionage apparatus' and says shop owners could
                  face fines},
  date =       {2017-02-17},
  organization = {The Guardian},
  url =          {https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/feb/17/german-parents-told-to-destroy-my-friend-cayla-doll-spy-on-children},
  urldate =      {2017-03-22},
}